Why get tested for HIV? Knowing your status means you can keep yourself and your sexual partners healthy. Being diagnosed early gives you a better chance of living a long and healthy life.
The five Cs, and the key principles they entail, apply to all models of HTC services: People being tested for HIV must give informed consent to be tested.
They must be informed of the process for HTC, the services that will be available depending on the results, and their right to refuse testing. Mandatory or compulsory coerced testing is never appropriate, regardless of where that coercion comes from: Testing services must be confidential, meaning that the content of discussions between the person tested and the health-care worker, testing provider, or counsellor, as well as the test results, will not be disclosed to anyone else without the consent of the person tested.
Testing services must be accompanied by appropriate and high-quality pre-test information or pre-test counselling, and post-test counselling. Provision of correct test results.
Testing must be performed and quality assurance measures followed according to internationally-recognized testing strategies, norms, and standards based on the type of epidemic. Results must be communicated to the person tested unless that person refuses the results.
These gains are further enhanced when countries take steps to increase access to: These include provider-initiated testing and counselling PITCwhich involves the routine offer of testing to all people receiving medical care in high-prevalence settings and in clinical sites, such as sexual health and tuberculosis TB and drug treatment clinics, antenatal, childbirth, postpartum services and sites offering services to key at risk and vulnerable population, in all epidemic settings.
They also include a range of other testing and counselling services, including the offer of testing in non-medical settings by non-medical personnel, such as in community outreach, couples testing, door-to-door offer of testing, home-based testing and others.
In this context, the use of rapid point-of-care HIV tests should be expanded as this type of testing enables testing providers and counsellors to quickly provide test results to those tested. This, in turn, can contribute to early enrolment in treatment, care, prevention, and other follow-up services as needed.
Rapid tests can also reduce the burden on laboratories and allow trained and supervised lay personnel to provide the testing and counselling.
Facilities providing HTC should have codes of conduct for providers and systems in place for redress for patients whose rights are infringed. There should be no compulsory or mandatory testing of members of key populations at higher risk of HIV infection and other vulnerable populations, including pregnant women, people who inject drugs and their sexual partners, men who have sex with men, sex workers, prisoners, migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons, and transgender people.
Adolescents require special attention to their needs through the provision of youth-friendly testing and counselling and follow-up services. Public health strategies and human rights promotion are mutually reinforcing.
A human rights-based approach to HTC must be ensured. The following key factors should be addressed simultaneously Ensuring expanded access through an ethical process for conducting HTC, including defining the purpose of the test and the risks and benefits to the person being tested.
Assuring linkages between the site where the test is conducted and appropriate treatment, care, prevention, and other services, in an environment that guarantees confidentiality of all medical information. Addressing the implications of a positive test result, including the risk of discrimination and stigma and the importance of early enrolment in HIV treatment, care and follow-up services as needed.HIV testing is essential to ensure a safe blood supply.
In Zimbabwe, high school students are encouraged to donate blood. This section looks at when HIV tests are used, possible reasons for HIV testing and the advantages and disadvantages of HIV testing. Scaling up HIV prevention: why routine or mandatory testing is not feasible for sub-Saharan Africa About million people in need of treatment were without access to ARV therapy in June for routine or mandatory testing or any other policy that focuses on health-care settings to have the maximum impact in Africa, a massive.
Why I support mandatory HIV testing. August 24, 6 Min Read. CHITALU. mine has not been spared by the ravages of HIV and AIDS. We need to reduce infection for our populace through.
HIV Testing and counselling: the gateway to treatment, care and support. (WHO) recommends that, in the context of community mobilization around the importance of learning one’s HIV status, HIV testing and counselling should be offered whenever a patient shows signs or symptoms of HIV infection or AIDS.
Mandatory HIV testing is . HIV/AIDS; HIV Testing in the United States; HIV Testing in the United States HIV testing is mandatory in the U.S.
in Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the. An estimated ,–, individuals in the United States are living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Approximately 40, new HIV infections occur each year in the United States.