How to Write a Summary of an Article? Also, because of the condensed time frame of this class, I only reviewed items that are available to UAH students on campus or online, although this criterion excluded several significant critical responses to the novel. Because of the strong social pressure to conform to predefined notions of conventional read European beauty that the dominant culture exerts on all American women, Black women have historically been judged as attractive or unattractive according to the degree to which their facial features, hair, and skin color conform to European norms.
He grounds this distinction in a cultural legacy of orality, which originated in West Africa, survived middle passage and was forged in the cultural apartheid of American slavery and Jim Crow segregation.
Curiously, Gates ignores what may well comprise the richest of vernacular traditions in African-American culture: Because their location between divine calling and human depravity renders them ripe for complex moral conflict, the figure of the preacher appears frequently in American literature.
Beyond such Manichean moral struggles, however, preachers contribute to our understanding of literature in myriad ways. African-American preachers in rural and urban settings alike have given voice to millions dispossessed of their own voices.
Politicians emulate their cadences; singers vamp upon their phrasing. That her own father was a preacher makes this all the more understandable.
Through an examination of her anthropological work in the context of her first two novels, I suggest that, beyond providing a cultural frame of reference for Hurston the novelist, her anthropological treatments of preachers and preaching reflect a preacherly rhetoric central to the speakerly nature of her fiction.
I suggest that these considerations deserve renewed attention, that awareness of the preacherly voice as a vital component of American and African-American literature offers much to religious and literary scholarship as well as to broader understanding of the vernacular mode of American culture.
Mules and Mena narrative collection, and The Sanctified Churcha posthumous edition assembling various essays first published between the lates and the earlys.
Lippincott, contains only her work with Caribbean sources. So does the second half of Mules and Men. Folk-tales from the Gulf States New York: The essays in The Sanctified Church explore the semiotic complexities of black churches through their worship, interrogated and understood as cultural performance.
The expression of self bears significance only insofar as it is thrust into the context of social interaction through a community.
This interplay between individual and community colors her fundamental understanding of culture. Beneath the seeming informality of religious worship there is a set formality.
Sermons, prayers, moans and testimonies have their definite forms. The individual may hang as many new ornaments upon the traditional forms as he likes, but the audience would be disagreeably surprised if the form were abandoned.
Any new and original elaboration is welcomed, however, and this brings out the fact that all religious 5 expression among Negroes is regarded as art. Language that is performed liturgically negotiates the figurative line that both demarcates between and joins together the individual and the community in a social context.
This kind of sermon is organic, a living force. The words he speaks, the themes through which he moves, the imagery he employs, however, are grounded firmly in terms dictated by community and its liturgical tradition. Hurston elaborates on this idea elsewhere in her essays: For instance, if the preacher should say:Belief in Freedom in Their Eyes Were Watching God, by Zora Neale Hurston - In the novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, by Zora Neale Hurston, discussed the existence of freedom in life and overcoming the challenges that comes with it.
Zora Neale Hurston's They Eyes Were Watching God It’s no wonder that “[t]he hurricane scene in Zora Neale Hurston’s novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, is a famous one and [that] other writers have used it in an effort to signify on Hurston” (Mills, “Hurston”).benjaminpohle.com - Zora Neale Hurston's They Eyes Were Watching God It’s no wonder that “[t]he hurricane scene in Zora Neale Hurston’s novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, is a famous one and [that] other writers have used it in an effort to signify on Hurston” (Mills, “Hurston”).benjaminpohle.com?text=Their+Eyes+Were+Watching+God.
· A key mythic structure in Hurston s Their Eyes Were Watching God is that of violent sexual passion, a trope completely and conspicuously absent in The Waste Land.
Throughout Hurston s novel, the violence of the sexual passion effects for the central character of Janie a new sense of benjaminpohle.com://benjaminpohle.com · For instance, although Their Eyes Were Watching God is generally read as a novel about racial and gender identity, it also has much to say about benjaminpohle.com · Zora Neale Hurston’s novel Their Eyes Were Watching God () has been described by literary scholars as a black feminist text, a model of Southern literature, and a folk romance.
1 1. As representative examples, see Kaplan, Bone, and benjaminpohle.com