Report about the political situation in Northern Ireland and its historical reasons!
Printable version Quick guide: Conflict in Northern Ireland The conflict in Northern Ireland, which has killed thousands, has political and religious roots that are centuries old. In modern times the conflict has centred on opposing views of the area's status. Quick guides are concise explanations of topics or issues in the news.
Others, particularly the mainly Catholic Nationalist community, believe it should leave the UK and become part of the Republic of Ireland. Origins Since the 12th Century constant revolts challenged the often brutal British rule of Ireland, climaxing in the Easter Uprising in Dublin.
It sparked a chain of events leading to civil war and partition of the island. The six counties of Northern Ireland chose to remain within the UK In the south 26 counties formed a separate state, while six counties in the north stayed within the UK.
Over successive decades the Catholic minority in the north suffered discrimination over housing and jobs, which fuelled bitter resentment. The 'Troubles' begin In Catholic civil rights marches and counter-protests by Protestant loyalists as in "loyal" to the British Crown spiralled into violent unrest.
Loyalist paramilitary groups responded with a campaign of sectarian violence against the Catholic community. As the situation worsened, Northern Ireland's parliament was suspended and direct rule imposed from London.
Violence on all sides Throughout the s, s and early s paramilitary groups waged violent campaigns to pursue their goals.
The IRA carried out deadly bomb and gun attacks in Britain and Northern Ireland that targeted police, soldiers, politicians and civilians. Loyalist paramilitaries targeted Catholics in "tit-for-tat" killings.
Police and British forces tried to keep order, sometimes amid controversy, such as the alleged co-operation of some undercover units with loyalist groups. Peace in sight In the early s negotiations took place between political parties and the British and Irish governments. After several years of talks IRA and loyalist ceasefires held and in the "Good Friday" agreement was signed.
It set up a power-sharing executive, with ministerial posts distributed by party strength, and elected assembly. The deal was backed by voters in referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic, which scrapped its constitutional claim to the north.
Problems remain as devolution has been suspended several times since it began. It was last suspended in October over allegations of a republican spying ring at Stormont.
The case against the accused later collapsed and one of the defendants was revealed to be a British agent.
He was found shot dead in April Send us an e-mail In September the arms decommissioning body confirmed the IRA had put all its weapons beyond use. But Unionists said they remained sceptical without any photographic proof.
A deadline has now been set by the government for the Northern Ireland Assembly to resolve its differences and resume power-sharing by 24 November Ethic Conflict In Nothern Ireland Essay Sample.
The ethnic conflict in Northern Ireland has existed for well over 1, years. A thorough overview of the Irish conflict must include a study of the history of this conflict, actual and probable causes, attempts at peaceful negotiation of an agreement between the parties, acts of terrorism and .
Q&A: Conflict in Northern Ireland The operational mission of the UK armed forces in Northern Ireland ended in July In devolved government was restored when the two opposing parties Sinn Fein, a republican party, and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), reached a deal.
Timeline of Northern Ireland Troubles: from conflict to peace process The British Government first sends troops to Northern Ireland in what it describes as a “limited operation” to restore.
Nov 23, · Topics Index › Northern Ireland conflict Northern Ireland conflict agree to support the government in return for a lot of money Ireland’s unionists casts doubt on the British. The UK government tried to calm things by dividing Ireland within the UK into two countries, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, each with Home rule, but to no avail.
This set in motion the Irish War of Independence. ence analysis of the election statistics indicate that regional and ethnic differences but not individual economic circumstances seem to have motivated much of the conflict over this measure.
Keywords: Realistic group conflict, British Columbia, government payments or land transfers to First Nations out of fear that their taxes.