A geographical cultural and historical overview of finland

Short Synopsis of the History of Finland Finland is a republic which became independent in

A geographical cultural and historical overview of finland

The terms "Finland" and "Finns" are external obscure derivations from early first century C.

A geographical cultural and historical overview of finland

Roman references to people known as Fenni probably Lapps or Saami who occupied lands north of the Baltic Sea.

In their own language, Finns generally refer to themselves as Suomalaiset and their land or country as Suomiwhich may derive from suothe Finnish expression for a bog or swamp.

Finns constitute the majority of the citizens of the Republic of Finland, which has a Swedish-speaking minority as well as Saami Lapp and Rom Gypsy minorities. While language was a highly divisive issue as late as the s and s, many Finnish speakers now recognize the value of Swedish for communicating with other Nordic countries.

Table of contents for Finland, cultural lone wolf He explained that between the 11th and 15th centuries not only Christianization and its cultural consequences were implemented, but well-defined social features emerged in Central Europe based on Western characteristics. The keyword of Western social development after millennium was the spread of liberties and autonomies in Western Europe.

A distinction between urban, industrialized, coastal southwestern Finland and the rural interior northeast is an important historical and regional division in terms of culture and identity. However, socialist versus nonsocialist affiliations are more meaningful at the political level.

Despite these distinctions, most citizens strongly believe that they share a common culture and heritage. Finland is bordered on the east by Russia, on the south by the Gulf of Finland and Estonia, on the west by the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden, and on the north and northwest by Norway.

A quarter of its territory is north of the Arctic Circle. Four physiographic-biotic regions divide the country. A narrow coastal plain of low relief and clay soils, historically the area of densest rural settlement and mixed farming production, extends between the Russian and Swedish borders.

General considerations

A large interior plateau contains dense forests, thousands of lakes and peat bogs, and rocky infertile soils associated with a glacially modified landscape with numerous drumlins and eskers. This district lies north and east of the coastal plain toward the Russian border.

Beyond the Arctic Circle, forests give way to barren fells, extensive bogs, rugged mountains, and the large rivers of Lapland. Continental weather systems produce harsh cold winters that last up to seven months in the interior eastern and northern districts, yet long summer days permit farming far to the north.

The climate in the south and west is moderated by the waters of the Gulf Stream and north Atlantic drift current.

Inthe population was about 5, people, of whom 93 percent were ethnically and linguistically Finns. High mortality from wars and famine dampened population growth between the sixteenth and late nineteenth centuries.

Orientation

In the twentieth century, a falling birthrate and emigration led to very low population growth. Dramatic internal migration accompanied an economic transformation between the s and the mids, when agriculture and the forestry industry were rapidly mechanized. At that time, many young people left the rural east and northeast to work in the urban industrialized south.

While 75 percent of the population lived in rural areas just before World War II, by the late s, 62 percent of the people were urban dwellers. About a sixth of the population lives in the Helsinki metropolitan area along the south-central coast in the province of Uusimaa.

Helsinki became the capital in under Russian control, replacing the role Turku had served during Swedish domination.

Finnish belongs to the family of Finno-Ugric languages in northeastern Europe, Russia, and western Siberia, a group that includes Saami Lapp and Hungarian.A few more examples are here.. The first documents of the Croatian Cyrillic alphabet are inscriptions carved in stone in present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina dating from the 10th or 11th century (Humacka ploca) and on the Croatian island of Brac from the 12th century.

Geography of Poland- Refer to this article to learn information about the European country of Poland. Learn about Poland's history, government, economy, geography and climate from Geography at benjaminpohle.com Europe is often divided into regions based on geographical, cultural or historical criteria.

Many European structures currently exist, some are cultural, economic, or political - examples include the Council of Europe, the European Broadcasting Union with the Eurovision Song Contest, and the European Olympic Committees with the European .

The only comprehensive listing of early map image sites. The monthly additions are indicated thus, e.g. {March } at the end of the entry. Since the symbols { } are not used elsewhere, you can search on those elements [enter Ctrl+F]; e.g. } will find entries added at any time in that year).

The geography of Finland is characterized by its northern position, its ubiquitous landscapes of intermingled boreal forests and lakes and its low population density.

Finland can be divided into three areas: archipelagoes and coastal lowlands, a slightly higher central lake plateau and uplands to north and northeast. Cultural Geography Europe has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization.

Today, this cultural wealth is used to solidify the European Community and is exported to the rest of the world as one of the continent’s greatest global assets.

A geographical cultural and historical overview of finland
Main outlines of Finnish history - thisisFINLAND