Herman Melville, born August 1,New York City—died September 28,New York CityAmerican novelist, short-story writer, and poet, best known for his novels of the seaincluding his masterpiece, Moby Dick He was the third child of Allan and Maria Gansevoort Melvill, in a family that was to grow to four boys and four girls.
Early life Longfellow attended private schools and the Portland Academy. He graduated from Bowdoin College in He was so fluent in translating that on graduation he was offered a professorship in modern languages provided that he would first study in Europe. On the Continent he learned French, Spanish, and Italian but refused to settle down to a regimen of scholarship at any university.
In he returned to the United States to be a professor and librarian at Bowdoin. He wrote and edited textbooks, translated poetry and prose, and wrote essays on French, Spanish, and Italian literaturebut he felt isolated.
When he was offered a professorship at Harvardwith another opportunity to go abroad, he accepted and set forth for Germany in On this trip he visited England, Sweden, and the Netherlands. Insaddened by the death of his first wife, whom he had married inhe settled at Heidelberg, where he fell under the influence of German Romanticism.
His travel sketches, Outre-Merdid not succeed. That same year Longfellow published Hyperion, a romantic novel idealizing his European travels. Longfellow was more at home in Evangelinea narrative poem that reached almost every literate home in the United States.
It is a sentimental tale of two lovers separated when British soldiers expel the Acadians French colonists from what is now Nova Scotia. The lovers, Evangeline and Gabriel, are reunited years later as Gabriel is dying.
Its appeal to the public was immediate. Both the poem and its singsong metre have been frequent objects of parody. But the death in of his second wife, after she accidentally set her dress on fire, plunged him into melancholy.
Driven by the need for spiritual relief, he translated The Divine Comedy by Danteproducing one of the most notable translations to that time, and wrote six sonnets on Dante that are among his finest poems.
Longfellow published in what he intended to be his masterpiece, Christus: A Mystery, a trilogy dealing with Christianity from its beginning. Long after his death inhowever, these neglected later works were seen to contain some of his most effective writing.
Assessment During his lifetime Longfellow was loved and admired both at home and abroad. He possessed great metrical skill, but he failed to capture the American spirit like his great contemporary Walt Whitmanand his work generally lacked emotional depth and imaginative power.
This harsh critical assessmentwhich tried to reduce him to the status of a mere hearthside rhymer, was perhaps as unbalanced as the adulation he had received during his lifetime.Short poems by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Below you'll find a variety of shorter poems and sonnets by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
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The most widely known and best-loved American poet of his lifetime, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow achieved a level of national and international prominence previously unequaled in the literary history of the United States.
Herman Melville, (born August 1, , New York City—died September 28, , New York City), American novelist, short-story writer, and poet, best known for his novels of the sea, including his masterpiece, Moby Dick (). Who Was Edgar Allan Poe? Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, to October 7, ) was an American writer, poet, critic and editor best known for evocative short stories and poems that captured the.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine, on February 27, , into an established New England family. As the son of a prominent lawyer, Henry was expected to have a similar profession as an adult.
He attended Portland Academy and then Bowdoin College, in Maine, graduating in Died: Mar 24, Literary authors, collections of writings, literary criticism, and other related information can be found in both our circulating and reference collections at Middetown Thrall Library.